If you've decided to construct a new home for your family in a rural area, you're probably aware that you'll be sacrificing some of your access to modern amenities. In many cases, the most notable of these is a centralized water system. Luckily, new techniques in well construction make drilling and sourcing your well easier and more reliable than ever.
Below, you'll find a guide to some commonly used techniques in the construction of a well. With this information, you can decide which technique is best for drilling your new well.
Among the oldest drilling techniques still in use, percussion drilling relies on high energy contact with the ground in order to cause fractures that will allow a drill bit to penetrate the soil. While it's not the most accurate form of sourcing a well, it does have benefits in regards to versatility.
If the soil on your property is particularly rocky or robust, you may be faced with no choice other than turning to percussion drilling. It remains a viable option because it can be used under any geological condition, guaranteeing that your access to groundwater won't be restricted.
Air Rotary Drilling
On the other end of the spectrum, air rotary drilling is a relatively new technique in the drilling industry. Modern machinery utilizes highly pressurized air to blow the soil through a hollow pipe and clear out the area of the well with minimal physical force.
Air drilling can allow a well to be constructed with minimal mess and removal of waste material, but it is somewhat limited in its scope of availability. In order to successfully penetrate the earth and create a stable well column using air rotary drilling, the surrounding soil has to be the correct combination of stable and consolidated to be properly moved and yet still supported.
Mud Rotary Drilling
Perhaps the most popular technique for well drilling on personal property, mud rotary drilling uses the same basic principles as air rotary drilling, but injects a highly viscous, mud-like substance into the drill site in order to break up the soil. The additives in the drilling mud form an agitation that loosens up the ground and makes extraction of a well column a much simpler process, guaranteeing access to water that should remain unimpeded for years to come.
If you are building a new home in a rural area, you are going to need to drill a well for your water needs. For more information, contact a profession drilling company like Brewster well drilling services.